Featured image for OpenShift Dev Spaces

On June 14th, Red Hat released the Red Hat OpenShift Dev Spaces development platform, a higher-performing, richer, and renamed version of Red Hat CodeReady Workspaces. The platform has been significantly upgraded by moving to a Kubernetes Operator. This article explains the major changes in this upgrade and their effects on administrators and users.

The team worked on this version for over a year and introduced the new platform as a tech preview after CodeReady Workspaces 2.10. The official name of this release is Red Hat OpenShift Dev Spaces 3.0.

Changes to the workspace engine

The core of CodeReady Workspaces used to be a Java REST web service named che-server, which provisioned pods and other objects to run development environments on Red Hat OpenShift. With OpenShift Dev Spaces 3.0, we are introducing a new OpenShift Operator to replace the che-server: the DevWorkspace Operator (Figure 1). This is a big architectural change whose benefits we'll summarize in the following sections.

Figure 1: The engine between the user interface and the workspace is now a Kubernetes Operator instead of a Java REST service.

Scalability and high availability

The che-server could not scale horizontally: it wasn't possible to run two instances concurrently. The new engine is a Kubernetes controller, so it runs behind the kube-apiserver that is designed to scale horizontally. The data is persisted in an etcd key-value store that is designed to be highly available.

A universal API

Workspaces are Kubernetes objects. Useful traits of this architecture include:

  • Kubernetes clients such as kubectl or the OpenShift console can manage them.
  • They are secured via Kubernetes RBAC.
  • They can be validated and protected by admission webhooks.
  • The devfile specification is automatically generated from the API.

A simpler design

The new workspace engine has a single responsibility, which is to manage workspace resources. The engine is decoupled from the developer's IDE and the server-side components of the OpenShift Dev Spaces service. Communication between components happens asynchronously using ConfigMaps and Secrets rather than a REST API.

An opportunity for refactoring

The new engine has been written from scratch, and we took the opportunity to address some of the main issues reported by our users:

  • Simpler configuration for the administrator
  • No hard dependency on Red Hat's single sign-on technology
  • Simpler network model and TLS certificate management with one unique gateway

What's changing?

The switch to the DevWorkspace Operator introduces changes for existing users and administrators of CodeReady Workspaces. Here is a summary.

Administration

There is a new server-side component: the gateway (powered by the open source reverse proxy Traefik) that handles users' connection to the IDEs. Several simplifications have been made to administration, along with new options:

  • User workspaces can be managed with the oc command-line interface (CLI) or via the OpenShift console.
  • CRW doesn't require Red Hat's SSO anymore and uses OpenShift OAuth for authentication.
  • Deployment is simpler because there are fewer configuration options. For instance, the namespace strategy and the exposure strategy are set to "per-user" and "single-host" respectively, as we have observed that users want those settings.
  • The operator installation mode is "all namespaces."

User experience

Our enhancements to the user experience include:

  • We now support version 2 of the devfile spec, which has some significant improvements in regard to parents and events. Version 1 devfiles also continue to be supported.
  • Devfiles are IDE agnostic and don't include plug-in definitions anymore. IDE-specific configurations are managed in separate files as extensions.json in Visual Studio Code.
  • We have added tech preview support for VisualStudio Code as an IDE (in addition to Eclipse Theia and JetBrains IDEs).
  • Workspaces load faster, with fewer containers per workspace.

How to get OpenShift Dev Spaces

Red Hat OpenShift Dev Spaces is available with OpenShift 4.10 or higher. Installation can be done through the usual channels, via the OperatorHub or the command line.

If you're an existing Red Hat CodeReady Workspaces customer you won't be upgraded automatically to OpenShift Dev Spaces. You'll need need to follow a manual procedure to upgrade your instance.

To learn more, check out the following resources:

Kudos to the whole Che team at Red Hat that worked hard on this challenging pivot.

Last updated: July 5, 2022

Comments