Get started developing with Perl 5.16 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux in under 10 minutes.
Introduction and Prerequisites
In this tutorial, you will see how to get started with Perl development on Red Hat Enterprise Linux by creating a simple Hello World application. The tutorial should take five to ten minutes to complete.
On Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Perl is installed by default. You can skip directly to the "Your First Application" step, or continue reading to learn more about installing and maintaining software packages.
Before you begin, you will need a current Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 or 7 workstation or server subscription that allows you to download software and get updates from Red Hat. If you don’t have an active subscription, register and obtain the RHEL Developer Suite (includes RHEL server) from here.
The native version of Perl are:
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 -
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 - 5.16
If you want a newer version of Perl for either RHEL 6 or 7, use the updated versions available via Red Hat Software Collections.
If you have problems at any point, see Troubleshooting and FAQ.
1. Prepare your system
In this step, you will download and install the latest updates from Red Hat for your system. In the process, you will verify that your system has a current Red Hat subscription and is able to receive updates.
First, start a Terminal window from the Application menu. Then after using
su to change to the root user ID, use
subscription-managerto verify that you have access to Red Hat Software Repositories.
$ su - # subscription-manager repos --list-enabled
If you don’t see any enabled repositories, your system might not be registered with Red Hat or might not have a valid subscription. See Troubleshooting and FAQ for more information.
Now download and install any available updates by running
yum update. If updates are available,
yum will list them and ask if it is OK to proceed.
# yum update
2. Setup your development environment
Perl and a number of popular Perl modules are installed by default on Red Hat Enterprise Linux. To see what Perl packages are already installed, run the following
yum command after becoming root with
su. If you don’t already have a Terminal window open, start one from the Applications menu.
# yum list installed perl\*
If Perl wasn’t installed or needed an update, you would only need to run one
# yum install perl
To see what other Perl modules are included with Red Hat Enterprise Linux, run this command:
# yum list available perl\*
You are now done with the part that requires root privileges. Type
exit to return to your normal user ID.
# exit $
If you need help, see Troubleshooting and FAQ.
3. Hello World and your first application
In this step, you will create and run a Perl application. If you don’t have a Terminal window open, start it from the Applications menu. You should run under your normal user ID, If you are still using su to run as the root user, type
Using your preferred text editor, create hello.pl:
$ nano hello.pl
Add the following text:
#!/usr/bin/env perl # print "Hello, Red Hat Developers World from Perl $^V\n";
Save it and exit the editor. Then make the script executable and run it:
$ chmod +x hello.pl $ ./hello.pl Hello, Red Hat Developers World from Perl
Where to go next?
Read Perl Tutorials at learn.perl.org
Find additional Perl modules included with Red Hat Enterprise Linux
$ yum list available perl\*
Want to know more about what you can do with RHEL?
Become a Red Hat developer: developers.redhat.com
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Learn about Red Hat Software Collections
Red Hat Software Collections deliver the latest stable versions of dynamic languages, open source databases, and web development tools that can be deployed alongside those included in Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Red Hat Software Collections is available with select Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscriptions and has a three-year life cycle to allow rapid innovation without sacrificing stability.
Learn about the Red Hat Developer Toolset
Red Hat Developer Toolset provides the latest, stable, open source C and C++ compilers and complementary development tools including Eclipse. DTS enables developers to compile applications once and deploy across multiple versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Troubleshooting and FAQ
My system is unable to download updates from Red Hat?
I don’t have a current Red Hat subscription, can I get an evaluation?
If you don’t have a Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscription, you can try it for free. Get started with an evaluation at https://access.redhat.com/products/red-hat-enterprise-linux/evaluation. Developers should select the Red Hat Enterprise Linux Developer Workstation option to ensure your evaluation includes additional tools from the Red Hat Developer Toolset and Red Hat Software Collections.
How can I get a newer version of Perl on Red Hat Enterprise Linux?
A newer version of Perl is available through Red Hat Software Collections which delivers the latest stable versions of dynamic languages, open source databases, and web development tools that can be deployed alongside those included in Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Red Hat Software Collections is available with select Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscriptions and has a three-year life cycle to allow rapid innovation without sacrificing stability.