Paolo Abeni

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The need for speed and the kernel datapath – recent improvements in UDP packets processing

Networking hardware is becoming crazily fast, 10Gbs NICs are entry-level for server h/w, 100Gbs cards are increasingly popular and 200Gbs are already surfacing. While the Linux kernel is striving to cope with such speeds with large packets and all kind of aggregation, ISPs are requesting much more demanding workload with NFV and line rate packet processing even for 64 bytes packets.

Is everything lost and are we all doomed to rely on some kernel bypass solution? Possibly, but let’s first inspect what is really the current status for packet processing in the kernel data path, with a perspective look at the relevant history and the recent improvements.

We will focus on UDP packets reception: UDP flood is a common tool to stress the networking stack allowing arbitrary small packets and defeating packet aggregation (GRO), in place for other protocols.

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