Introduction and Prerequisites

    In this tutorial, you will install the Rust 1.31 Toolset and build a simple Rust Hello World application. This tutorial should take less than 30 minutes to complete.

    Before you begin, you will need a current Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 workstation or server subscription that allows you to download software and get updates from Red Hat. If you don’t have an active subscription, register and obtain the Red Hat Developer subscription (includes RHEL server) from here.

    NOTE: The Rust Compiler naming convention has changed so that the version number reflects the community version. The previous version was Rust-toolset-7 which was based on Rust 1.29.

    If you encounter difficulties at any point, see Troubleshooting and FAQ.

    1. Enable necessary software repositories

    In this step, you will configure and “register” your system to obtain software from the devtools repository by using the command line interface. 

    Note: registering a subscription (the steps to follow) is different than registering for the Red Hat Developer Program (which you’ve likely done by now).

    You can add or remove software repositories from the command line using the subscription-manager tool as the root user. Use the --list option to view the available software repositories and verify that you have access to the devtools repo.

    $ su -
    # subscription-manager repos --list | egrep devtools

    If you don’t see any devtools repositories in the list, your subscription might not include it. See Troubleshooting and FAQ for more information.

    If you are using a desktop edition of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, change -server- to -desktop- in the following commands:

    # subscription-manager repos --enable rhel-7-server-devtools-rpms
    # subscription-manager repos --enable rhel-server-rhscl-7-rpms

    Add the Red Hat Developer Tools key to your system:

    # cd /etc/pki/rpm-gpg
    # wget -O RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-devel https://www.redhat.com/security/data/a5787476.txt
    # rpm --import RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-devel

    2. Setup your development environment

    In this next step you will use a single command to download the Rust compiler. The length of time this step takes depends on the speed of your Internet connection and your system. With a reasonably fast connection, this step should complete in well under 5 minutes.

    $ su -
    # yum install rust-toolset-1.31


    In Rust Toolset, cargo is provided by the rust-toolset-1.31-cargo package and is automatically installed with the rust-toolset-1.31 package.

    3. Hello World and your first Rust application

    Create and run the sample C++ Hello World projects

    The following steps will create and run a Rust Hello World project

    Using Rust from the command line

    The Rust compiler (rustc) is not usually invoked directly, but through the cargo tool, like cargo build. You need to add Rust to your environment with scl enable in a Terminal window.

    $ scl enable rust-toolset-1.31 bash

    The simplest way to get started with a new project is using cargo new.  Create a hello executable project using “cargo new --bin hello”.  This will create a new directory with a Cargo.toml project manifest and the src/main.rs entry point for your program.

    hello/Cargo.toml
       [package]
       name = "hello"
       version = "0.1.0"
       authors = ["I.M Coder <imc@redhat.com>"]
    
       [dependencies]
    
    hello/src/main.rs
       fn main() {
           println!("Hello, world!");
       }
    
    

    Now compile and run the program:

    $ cd hello
    $ cargo run
    Hello, world!

    Let’s customize that message.  Edit src/main.rs using a text editor such as vi, nano, or gedit, changing to the following content:

    fn main() {
    ">println!("Hello, Red Hat Developer Program World!");
    }

    When making changes it’s often useful to get quick feedback from the compiler that your code will be accepted.  You can run cargo check for full syntax and type checking, without the longer delays for code generation.  Then when you’re ready, compile and run it again.

    $ cargo run
    Hello, Red Hat Developer Program World!

    Working with Software Collection packages

    These tools are packaged as software collections which  are designed to allow multiple versions of software to be installed concurrently. To accomplish this, the desired package is added to your runtime environment as needed with the scl enable command. When scl enable runs, it modifies environment variables and then runs the specified command. The environmental changes only affect the command that is run by scl and any processes that are run from that command. The steps in this tutorial run the command bash to start a new interactive shell to work in the updated environment. The changes aren’t permanent. Typing exit will return to the original shell with the original environment. Each time you login, or start a new terminal session, scl enable needs to be run again.

    While it is possible to change the system profile to make RHSCL packages part of the system’s global environment, this is not recommended. Doing this can cause conflicts and unexpected problems with other applications because the system version of the package is obscured by having the RHSCL version in the path first.

    Learn more about Red Hat Software Collections

    Red Hat Software Collections deliver the latest stable versions of dynamic languages, open source databases, and web development tools that can be deployed alongside those included in Red Hat Enterprise Linux. Red Hat Software Collections is available with select Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscriptions and has a three-year life cycle to allow rapid innovation without sacrificing stability. For more information:

    You can view the list of packages available in RHSCL by running:

    $ yum --disablerepo="*" --enablerepo="rhel-server-rhscl-7-rpms" list available

    Developing with Red Hat Enterprise Linux

    Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Developer Guide — The developer guide for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 provides an introduction to application development tools and using source code management tools such as Git in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.

    Become a Red Hat developer and join the Red Hat Developer Program

    Red Hat delivers the resources and ecosystem of experts to help you be more productive and build great solutions. Register for free at developers.redhat.com.

     

    Troubleshooting and FAQ

    1. As a developer, how can I get a Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscription that includes the Clang/LLVM, Go, or Rust Compilers?

    Developers can get a no-cost Red Hat Enterprise Linux Developer subscription for development purposes by registering and downloading through developers.redhat.com. We recommend you follow our Getting Started Guide which covers downloading and installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux on a physical system or virtual machine (VM) using your choice of VirtualBox, VMware, Microsoft Hyper-V, or Linux KVM/Libvirt. For more information, see Frequently asked questions: no-cost Red Hat Enterprise Linux Developer subscription.

    1. I can’t find the devtools or RHSCL repository on my system.

    Some Red Hat Enterprise Linux subscriptions do not include access to Software Collections or development tools. For a list of what subscriptions are included see How to use Red Hat Software Collections (RHSCL), Red Hat Developer Toolset (DTS, etc.).

    The name of the repository depends on whether you have a server or workstation version of Red Hat Enterprise Linux installed. You can use subscription-manager to view the available software repositories and verify that you have access to RHSCL and devtools:

    $ su -
    # subscription-manager repos --list | egrep rhscl
    # subscription-manager repos --list | egrep devtools

     

    1. When I run yum install package (go-toolset-7, llvm-toolset-7, rust-toolset-7), it fails due to a missing dependency.

    Some software collections require packages that are in the devtools RPMs repository, which is not enabled by default. See Step 1 above, for how to enable both the applicable RPMs and repositories.

    1. How can I view the Go manual pages?

    The Go compiler help command provides information on its usage. To show the help index:

    $ scl enable go-toolset-7 'go help'
    1. How can I find out what RHSCL packages are installed?

    scl --list will show the list of RHSCL packages that have been installed, whether they are enabled or not.

    $ scl --list
    Last updated: May 13, 2020