Developer Materials

bmt: Bean Managed Transactions with JPA and JTA

  • Author:
  • Contributors: Sande Gilda, Pete Muir, mmusgrov
  • Published: Jan 13, 2016
  • Level: Intermediate
  • Technologies:EJB, BMT
  • Target Product:JBoss EAP

What is it?

The bmt quickstart demonstrates how to manually manage transaction demarcation while accessing JPA entities in Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform.

On occasion, the application developer requires finer grained control over the lifecycle of JTA transactions and JPA Entity Managers than the defaults provided by the Java EE container. This example shows how the developer can override these defaults and take control of aspects of the lifecycle of JPA and transactions.

When you run this example, you will be provided with a Use bean managed Entity Managers checkbox. * If you check the checkbox, it shows the developer responsibilities when injecting an Entity Manager into a managed (stateless) bean. * If you uncheck the checkbox, shows the developer responsibilities when using JPA and transactions with an unmanaged component.

JBoss EAP ships with H2, an in-memory database written in Java. This example shows how to transactionally insert key value pairs into the H2 database and demonstrates the requirements on the developer with respect to the JPA Entity Manager.

Note: This quickstart uses the H2 database included with Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7. It is a lightweight, relational example datasource that is used for examples only. It is not robust or scalable, is not supported, and should NOT be used in a production environment!

Note: This quickstart uses a *-ds.xml datasource configuration file for convenience and ease of database configuration. These files are deprecated in JBoss EAP and should not be used in a production environment. Instead, you should configure the datasource using the Management CLI or Management Console. Datasource configuration is documented in the Configuration Guide for Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform.

NOTE: A Java EE container is designed with robustness in mind, so you should carefully analyze the scalabiltiy, concurrency, and performance needs of your application before taking advantage of these techniques in your own applications.

System requirements

The application this project produces is designed to be run on Red Hat JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7 or later.

All you need to build this project is Java 8.0 (Java SDK 1.8) or later and Maven 3.1.1 or later. See Configure Maven for JBoss EAP 7 to make sure you are configured correctly for testing the quickstarts.

Use of EAP7_HOME

In the following instructions, replace EAP7_HOME with the actual path to your JBoss EAP installation. The installation path is described in detail here: Use of EAP7_HOME and JBOSS_HOME Variables.

Start the JBoss EAP Server

  1. Open a command prompt and navigate to the root of the JBoss EAP directory.
  2. The following shows the command line to start the server:

     For Linux:   EAP7_HOME/bin/
     For Windows: EAP7_HOME\bin\standalone.bat

Build and Deploy the Quickstart

  1. Make sure you have started the JBoss EAP server as described above.
  2. Open a command prompt and navigate to the root directory of this quickstart.
  3. Type this command to build and deploy the archive:

     mvn clean install wildfly:deploy
  4. This will deploy target/jboss-bmt.war to the running instance of the server.

Access the application

The application will be running at the following URL: http://localhost:8080/jboss-bmt/.

You will be presented with a simple form for adding key/value pairs and a checkbox to indicate whether the updates should be executed using an unmanaged component. Effectively this will run the transaction and JPA updates in the servlet, not session beans. If the box is checked then the updates will be executed within a session bean method.

  1. To list all pairs leave the key input box empty.
  2. To add or update the value of a key fill in the key and value input boxes.
  3. Press the submit button to see the results.

Server Log: Expected warnings and errors

Note: You will see the following warnings in the server log. You can ignore these warnings.

WFLYJCA0091: -ds.xml file deployments are deprecated. Support may be removed in a future version.

HHH000431: Unable to determine H2 database version, certain features may not work

Undeploy the Archive

  1. Make sure you have started the JBoss EAP server as described above.
  2. Open a command prompt and navigate to the root directory of this quickstart.
  3. When you are finished testing, type this command to undeploy the archive:

     mvn wildfly:undeploy

Run the Quickstart in Red Hat JBoss Developer Studio or Eclipse

You can also start the server and deploy the quickstarts or run the Arquillian tests from Eclipse using JBoss tools. For general information about how to import a quickstart, add a JBoss EAP server, and build and deploy a quickstart, see Use JBoss Developer Studio or Eclipse to Run the Quickstarts

Debug the Application

If you want to debug the source code of any library in the project, run the following command to pull the source into your local repository. The IDE should then detect it.

    mvn dependency:sources

Recent Changelog

  • Jan 13, 2016(Sande Gilda):JBEAP 787 Update README file datasource reference pointer to the documentation
  • Dec 22, 2015(Sande Gilda):JBEAP 787 Update JBoss EAP documentation links for JBoss EAP 7
  • Aug 20, 2015(Sande Gilda):JBEAP 577 Replace links to shared resources for JBoss EAP 7 material
  • Aug 10, 2015(Sande Gilda):JBEAP 600 Update warning for use of ds.xml files in deployments
  • Aug 4, 2015(Sande Gilda):JBEAP 578 Update Maven version in README files
  • Aug 3, 2015(Sande Gilda):JBEAP 564 Clarify Maven instructions
  • Jul 23, 2015(Sande Gilda):Replace CONFIGURE_MAVEN link with CONFIGURE_MAVEN_JBOSS_EAP7 link
  • Jun 24, 2015(Sande Gilda):JDF833 Plugin commands have changed from jboss as prefix to wildfly prefix. jboss as deploy is now wildfly deploy and jboss as undeploy is now wildfly undeploy. Same replacement for port and hostname
  • Jun 17, 2015(Sande Gilda):Update the quickstart README files to remove instructions related to the Maven settings
  • Jun 2, 2015(Sande Gilda):Update quickstart files to remove JBoss EAP version and update to Java EE 7 and SDK 1.8. Replace references to WFK and Sandbox with EAP
Your Rating: