Within the context of Kubernetes, a namespace allows dividing resources, policies, authorization, and a boundary for cluster objects. In this article, we cover two different types of Operators: namespace-scoped and cluster-scoped. We then walk through an example of how to migrate from one to the other, which illustrates the difference between the two.
Namespace-scoped and cluster-scoped
A namespace-scoped Operator is defined within the boundary of a namespace with the flexibility to handle upgrades without impacting others. It watches objects within that namespace and maintains
RoleBinding for role-based access control (RBAC) policies for accessing the resource.
Meanwhile, a cluster-scoped Operator promotes reusability and manages defined resources across the cluster. It watches all namespaces in a cluster and maintains
ClusterRoleBinding for RBAC policies for authorizing cluster objects. Two examples of cluster-scoped operators are istio-operator and cert-manager. The istio-operator can be deployed as a cluster-scoped to manage the service mesh for an entire cluster, while the cert-manager is used to issue certificates for an entire cluster.
These two types of Operators support both types of installation based on your requirements. In the case of a cluster-scoped Operator, upgrading the Operator version can impact resources managed by the Operator in the entire cluster, as compared to upgrading the namespace-scoped Operator, which will be easier to upgrade as it only affects the resource within its scope.
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